Wednesday, April 14, 2021

Ron Zack About Cecilia Brainard's Novel MAGDALENA

 



Thanks to Ron Zack who wrote this Amazon Review about Cecilia Brainard's novel, MAGDALENA. hIS Review is for the Plain View Edition of the novel; there is a new US Edition of this novel that includes illustrations by the author:
CREATIVE, ENTERTANING, AND POWERFUL
Review by Ron Zack
I read “Magdalena” while visiting the Philippines and wanted to combine my vacation with local authors. Although the author now lives in the U.S., she grew up in Cebu and I believe writes from the perspective of a Filipina, and has a deep understanding of the country. While this novel may be somewhat overdone in parts, it is extremely well-written, vividly presented, and the author does a great job with a very ambitious undertaking.
A short novel, it covers over 100 years of history, describing experiences of three generations of women and the effects of war, occupation, and corruption in the context of their personal relationships and struggles. The author clearly shows the struggles among many forces: poverty and wealth, rural and urban, physical appearances, ethnic differences, prejudice and oppression. The impact of social status, influence of cultures (Spanish, Chinese, American), and the patterns of wars and foreign occupation serve as a backdrop for the overlapping lives, the lies and truths, in-breeding, illegitimate children, hidden relations and relationships.
This is well worth reading for anyone wanting a better understanding of a complex culture.

TAGS: books Filipino women novel Philippine literature Philippines fiction

Saturday, March 20, 2021

Philippine & Filipino American Books For Sale

 


My business PALHBOOKS.com is happy to feature Philippine and Filipino American books for sale. For every book sold, PALH raises a bit of money that helps it with its publishing efforts. Thank you for your support.

 

Books include classics such as Jose Rizal's El Filibusterismo and Noli Me Tangers; Carlos Bulosan's America is in the Heart, and many more.

 

Please click on the link below. 

https://bookshop.org/shop/palhbooks


Tags: Filipino books for sale, Philippine books, Philippine-American, Filipino-American, books, literature 

Friday, March 19, 2021

Illustrations from Cecilia Brainard's Novel MAGDALENA

 

 


From the 2021 US Edition of MAGDALENA, Novel & Illustrations by Cecilia Manguerra Brainard. The book is available from Amazon for $17.95: <https://www.amazon.com/dp/1953716113>.


 



  

Tags: Books Philippines novel illustrations illustrated women

Sunday, March 14, 2021

Video of Novelist Cecilia Brainard on Cebu, Philippine, History & the Filipino Woman

 


#Novelist Cecilia Brainard talks about #Cebu #Philippine History & the #FilipinoWoman and how these affected her writings. Less than 4 minutes on YouTube.

(This is an excerpt from the Panel Discussion of #Filipino and #FilAm #WomenWriters sponsored by the Philippine Embassy of the US).

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3psnOi3g-0U



tags: #Philippineliterature #Philippinebooks #Philippinenovels #philippinewriters

Friday, March 12, 2021

Press Release SELECTED SHORT STORIES by Cecilia Manguerra Brainard

 




 PRESS RELEASE 3/12/2021

The University of Santo Tomas Publishing House will soon release SELECTED SHORT STORIES by Cecilia Manguerra Brainard, a collection of 39 stories. This collection will also be released in the US later this year. Please stay tuned for order information.

The book includes some of Brainard’s best short stories including the popular: Woman with Horns, Flip Gothic, Romeo, and Brainard’s recent stories: The Syrian Doctor in Paris, and Melisande in Paris, and more.

The book cover was created by noted Filipino artist, Felix Magno.

Thursday, March 11, 2021

Author Reading: Cecilia Brainard Reads from Her SELECTED SHORT STORIES & Q&A

 


 YouTube link to Cecilia Brainard Reading from her SELECTED SHORT STORIES & Q&A

 

https://youtu.be/KrMi9qsgTVk

 

Filipino American novelist Cecilia Manguerra Brainard reads a short short from her SELECTED SHORT STORIES (University of Santo Tomas Publishing House 2021), a collection of 39 stories. She also discusses writing about the Philippines from California. Cecilia is the author of three novels: the World War Two novel WHEN THE RAINBOW GODDESS WEPT; MAGDALENA, and the literary mystery THE NEWSPAPER WIDOW. Her website is ceciliabrainard.com.

This is excerpted from the Panel Discussion with Filipino and Fil-Am Writers Event hosted by the Philippine Embassy in the United States, March 8, 2021.

#WomenWriters #WomanmakeChange #InternationalWomensDay2021 #Philippineliterature #flashfiction #diasporicwriting

Tuesday, March 9, 2021

Philippine Embassy U.S. Press Release Panel Discussion Filipino & Fil-Am Women Writers

 


Here's the YouTube link of the March 8, 2021 Panel Discussion of Filipino & Fil-Am Women Writers, hosted by the Philippine Embassy of the US.

Moderator is Aileen Cassinetto; panelists are: Cecilia Brainard, Miggs Bravo Dutt, Luisa A. Igloria and Gayle Romasanta. Deputy Chief of Mission Renato Villa gave the Opening Remarks.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6eQNIenrhXc


PRESS RELEASE from the Philippine Embassy in the United States, Washington D.C. 
WDC-10-2021
9 MARCH 2021

WASHINGTON, D.C. –

The Philippine Embassy in the United States marked International Women’s Day on 8 March 2021 with a virtual program entitled, “A Panel Discussion with Filipino and Fil-Am Women Writers” featuring Cecilia Manguerra Brainard, Luisa A. Igloria, Migs Bravo Dutt, and Gayle Romasanta. The poet laureate of San Mateo County, California, Aileen Cassinetto, moderated the event.  

“It is the first time that the Philippine Embassy is putting the spotlight on women writers

and today’s event proves to be more exciting as we will hear and learn from the stories

of the storytellers. We have been more familiar with foreign authors, foreign books, writings, and literature for far too long, especially in a foreign country where knowledge and access about the works of Filipino authors are neither popular nor accessible. Fortunately, we have been seeing an increasing number of Filipinos making a name for themselves in the global publishing scene and making their mark on the printed page around the world,” said the Embassy’s Deputy Chief of Mission Renato Pedro O. Villa in his opening remarks.

The speakers read excerpts from their published works and shared their respective journeys as Filipino migrant women, including their influences, sources of inspiration, and challenges. They spoke about how being Filipino or Filipino-American played a role in their writing and how they navigated various social issues that the Filipino diaspora has faced over the years. 

 

Monday, March 8, 2021

Link to Panel Discussion Filipino & FilAm Women Writers, Philippine Embassy of US Event

 


Here's the link to the Panel Discussion with Filipino and FilAm Women Writers, hosted by the Philippine Embassyheld on 8 March 2021, International Women's Day, 5-6PM EST via Zoom and Facebook Live.

The moderator is Aileen Cassinetto, and the panelists are:  Cecilia Brainard, Migs Bravo Dutt, Luisa Igloria, and Gayle Romansanta. 

https://fb.watch/46t42pDKA3/


Here's the YouTube link:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6eQNIenrhXc


The Certificate of Appreciation from the Philippine Embassy: 




Tags: ##womenmakechange 



Sunday, March 7, 2021

PALHBOOKS Sale of Rare Filipiniana Antique Books

 

 

Philippine American Literary House
https://www.facebook.com/palhbooks
is doing a fund raiser by selling antique or hard-to-find Filipiniana books. Please visit the site and scroll through the posts.

Your support will allow PALH to publish more FilAm books, many of which are distributed by Ingram and other US distributors. Many of the titles are available in Amazon, Barnes and Noble, Target, Walmart and other online sites.

Here is one sample of the books PALH is selling as a fundraiser:
Yesterdays in the Philippines, by Joseph Earle Stevens, Charles Scribner’s Sons 1898, 234 pages, with precious black and white photos and illustrations and map, very good condition, an often-quoted historical source. $295


#antiquebooks #collectiblebooks #Filipinianabooks #rarebooks 

 

Friday, March 5, 2021

Cecilia Brainard Rare Books For Sale, Hardbound First Editions

 


Books for Sale US only. 

This is a fund raiser for PALH (Philippine American Literary House)> Buyer pays for shipping. r email palh@aol.com. These are signed first editions of hardcover books. I’m gifting buyers with a copy of Magdalena and Journey of 100 Years. Buyer pays for shipping. 



Rare copy of Cecilia Manguerra Brainard’s hardbound Signed First Edition of her first novel, When the Rainbow Goddess Wept -- Published in 1994 by Dutton Penguin, hardcover with dust jacket, as new. $95



Acapulco at Sunset and Other Stories, as new, hb with dust jacket, dust jacket has minor edge wear, by Cecilia Manguerra Brainard, Anvil 1993; $75



Acapulco at Sunset and Other Stories, as new, hb with dust jacket, dust jacket has minor edge wear, by Cecilia Manguerra Brainard, Anvil 1993; $75


Out of Cebu, as new, hardbound, by Cecilia Manguerra Brainard, University of San Carlos 2012; $45



Magical Years: Memories & Sketches, new, hardbound, by Cecilia Manguerra Brainard, PALH, 2020, $45

#forsalebooks #booksforsale

Tuesday, March 2, 2021

#WomenMakeChange PANEL DISCUSSION WITH FILIPINO & FIL-AM WOMEN WRITERS, Philippine Embassy Invitation

 



We'll be discussing some interesting topics next week March 8 at the "PANEL DISCUSSION WITH FILIPINO AMERICAN WOMEN WRITERS" sponsored by the Philippine Embassy of the United States, including:
How does a young writer find his/her voice? What it's been like being a writer in diaspora? How do you stay creative each day? And more topics that will include literary agents, publishers, etc.
Date: Monday, March 8, 2021, 5-6 p.m. EST via Zoom and Facebook Live.
The panel moderator is Aileen Cassinetto, and the panelists are: Cecilia Brainard, Migs Bravo Dutt, Luisa Igloria, and Gayle Romansanta.
To receive the zoom link, please register at https://tiny.cc/IWD3821.
Note: 5-6 pm EST on March 8 is 2-3 PT March 8 and is 6 am Philippine time on March 9.

#womanmakechange 

Tags: Philippines Filipino American books writers  

Thursday, February 25, 2021

#CopingwithCovid Cecilia Brainard Interviews #CebuLitFest Producer Hendri Go

 



Writer Cecilia Brainard Interviews Hendri Go about how he has been coping with the Covid Pandemic in Cebu, Philippines. Hendri Go is the producer/CEO of #CebuLitFest & #littleboyproductions . He talks about the pandemic rates in Cebu, how he has had to adjust his lifestyle and work goals. #CebuLitFest #Cebuliteraryfestival #littleboyprods #littleboyproductions #CopyingWithCovid

https://youtu.be/-0a-nTssav4


Read also:

Coronavirus: The Beginning, by Cecilia Brainard
How Filipinos Are Coping With Covid, Part One (Cecilia Brainard, Positively Filipino)
How Filipinos Are Coping With Covid, Part Two (C. Brainard, PF
How Filipinos Are Coping With Covid-19, Part Three (C.Brainard, PF)

Covid-19: An Encounter with a Bee During Quarantine

Interviews follow:
Lia Feraren, Germany
Teresa Concepcion, Canada
 Ofelia Gelvezon Tequi, France
Reine Marie Bonnie Melvin, France
New Zealand: Jay Montilla & Monika Tawngdee
Linda Ty-Casper, Massachusetts, USA
Barbara Ann Jacala, San Diego, CAUSA
Brian Ascalon Roley, Ohio, USA
Elizabeth Ann Besa-Quirino, USA
Interview of Cecilia Brainard by 95.9 Star FM Bacolod (DJ Billie), USA

Interviews of Filipino Americans #CopingWithCovid

Live Interview of #CebuLitFest Producer Hendri Go by Cecilia Brainard

All of the above links are part of the Philippine Covid Archive of Filipinas Heritage Library.

tags: #coronavirus #covid19 #covid #Filipinos #copingwithcovid #Paris #France #Europe #FilipinoFrench #FrenchFilipino #FilipinoAmerican #Bacolod #Philippines  Philippine literature, Cebuano literature, Cebu theater, Cebu playwright, Philippine theater


Saturday, February 20, 2021

Growing Up Filipino Stories for Young Adults - hardcover

 

The popular young adult anthology, GROWING UP FILIPINO: STORIES FOR YOUNG ADULTS, is now available in hardcover and with a new cover. For a little while it is available for $28 in Amazon. The price will go up on 2/26/21.

https://www.amazon.com/Growing-Up-Filipino.../dp/1953716008

"Emerging and established award-winning writers are the authors of this fine collection of 29 stories about what it means to be young and Filipino in the Philippines and in the United States. … This impressive array captures the complexities of both the Filipino culture and history and the realities of the lives of young adults no matter what their ethnic affiliation. ~ Bookbird Journal International. Children’s Literature, IBBY

“These 29 short stories offer a highly textured portrait of Filipino youth and an excellent sampling of creative writing … Authors include those born and continuing to live in the Philippines, emigres, and American-born Filipinos … There are more Filipinos living in the U.S. than most people realize, but finding literature reflective of their experiences is difficult. The high caliber and broad but wholly accessible range of this collection, however, makes this title a solid purchase for multiple reasons.” ~ School Library Journal

 

tags: Philippines Filipino Philippine Filipino-America young adult YA Coming of age teen coming-of-age books book

Wednesday, February 17, 2021

2 Collections of Short Stories by Filipino and FilAm authors


Cecilia Brainard talks about PALH's US reissues of two collections of short stories by Filipino and Filipino American writers: FICTION BY FILIPINOS IN AMERICA and CONTEMPORARY FICTION BY FILIPINOS IN AMERICA.  -click below



 Tags: Philippine books, Philippines fiction, Filipino American books

Tuesday, February 16, 2021

Growing Up Filipino Stories for Young Adults - Now in Hardcover and New Cover



The  collection of stories, GROWING UP FILIPINO: STORIES FOR YOUNG ADULTS,  now has a hardcover edition (ISBN 9781953716002). The softcover edition has a new cover. 

 

GROWING UP FILIPINO was the first publication of PALH (Philippine American Literary House). Written by established and emerging writers, the book delves into universal but at the same time personal themes of how it is to grow up Filipino.  The book has received received critical acclaim. 


Finalist for the Philippine National Book Award, this collection of stories along with the follow-up book GROWNG UP FILIPINO: MORE STORIES FOR YOUNG ADULTS continues to be read and used by educators. Last summer, the National Geographic included both books in its Summer Reading list.

 

Here are some book review excerpts of the book: 

School Library Journal: 
"These 29 short stories offer a highly textured portrait of Filipino youth and an excellent sampling of creative writing. Thematically arranged, most of the pieces have been written since the turn of the 21st century. Each story is introduced by a thumbnail sketch of the author and a paragraph or two about some element that is relevant to the story ... The high caliber and broad but wholly accessible range of this collection, however, makes this title a solid purchase for multiple reasons." 

Bookbird Journal International Children's Literature (Glenna Sloan): 
"Emerging and established award-winning writers are the authors of this fine collection of 29 stories about what it means to be Filipino in the Philippines and in the United States ... This impressive array captures the complexities of both the Filipino culture and history and the realities of the lives of young adults no matter what their ethnic affiliation." 

Booklist:
"In this fine short-story collection, 29 Filipino American writers explore the universal challenges of adolescence from the unique perspectives of teens in the Philippines or in the U.S. Organized into five sections -- Family, Angst, Friendship, Love, and Home -- all the stories are about growing up and what the introduction calls "growing into Filipino-ness, growing with Filipinos, and growing in or growing away from the Philippines ... The cultural flavor aspect never overwhelms the stories, and readers will be drawn to the particulars as well as the universal concerns of family, friends, love, and leaving home."' 

Bookseller can order the book from Ingram and readers can easily find this book in Amazon, Barnes and Noble and other booksellers. 

For more information, please visit:   https://ceciliabrainard.com/book/growing-up-filipino-stories-for-young-adults/


tags: young adult literature, young adult fiction, teen literature, YA fiction, YA short stories

Sunday, February 14, 2021

Panel Discussion with Filipino American Women Writers - March 8, 2021, Philippine Embassy Event

 

  

Invitation: The Philippine Embassy of the United States is hosting "A Panel Discussion with Filipino-American Women Writers" that will be held on 8 March 2021, International Women's Day, 5-6PM EST via Zoom and Facebook Live.

The moderator is Aileen Cassinetto, and the panelists are:  Cecilia Brainard, Migs Bravo Dutt, Luisa Igloria, and Gayle Romansanta. 

 

To receive the zoom link, please register at https://tiny.cc/IWD3821

 

For information, #WomenMakeChange is the Philippines' official hashtag for the national celebration of Women's Month. 

 

Note: 5-6 pm EST on March 8 is 2-3 PT March 8 and is  6 am Philippine time on March 9



  

 




Tags: Philippine literature, Filipino American literature, Filipino American writers, Filipina writers





Saturday, February 13, 2021

Brainard's novel, MAGDALENA, Reissued with Illustrations



PALH (Philippine American Literary House) announces the release of Cecilia Manguerra Brainard, novel MAGDALENA, with illustrations by the author. The book is available from Amazon for $17.95: https://www.amazon.com/dp/1953716113< >. 

Previously published by Plain View Press (2003) and available in the Philippines (University of Santo Tomas Publishing House 2016), this 2021 US edition by PALH of MAGDALENA includes illustrations by the author.

Wednesday, February 10, 2021

Panel Discussion of Filipino/FilAm Women Writers hosted by the Philippine Embassy

 


  


Save the date: March 8, 2pm PST / 5pm EST #WomenMakeChange #womenwriters
The Philippine Embassy in Washington DC, USA is hosting its first ever panel discussion with Filipino/Filipino American women writers in honor of International Women’s Day.
Moderator is Aileen Cassinetto; panelists: Cecilia Brainard, Migs Bravo Dutt, Luisa A. Igloria, Gayle Romasanta.

#womenMake change

#FilAmwomenwriters

Tags: FilAm writers, Filipino American women writers, Pinay writers

Tuesday, February 2, 2021

US Edition of CONTEMPORARY FICTION BY FILIPINOS IN AMERICA

 


PALH (Philippine American Literary House) announces the release of the US edition of the collection of short stories, CONTEMPORARY FICTION BY FILIPINOS IN AMERICA, edited by Cecilia Manguerra Brainard. The book is available from Amazon for $17.95 https://www.amazon.com/dp/1953716091

This book is part of PALH’s efforts to reissue in the United States important literary books published in the Philippines, and which have been difficult to find in the US. The release of CONTEMPORARY FICTION BY FILIPINOS IN AMERICA follows an earlier release of another anthology, FICTION BY FILIPINOS IN AMERICA. Both books are considered valuable literary resources, and are available in Amazon in paperback and Kindle formats.

First published in the Philippines in 1998, this 2021 US edition of CONTEMPORARY FICTION BY FILIPINOS IN AMERICA hopes to accommodate librarians, professors, teachers, and students. This collection is considered a valuable literary resource.

The anthology collects 26 short stories by Filipino and Philippine American writers, including (in no particular order): Fatima Lim-Wilson, Mila Faraon Heubeck, Eileen Tabios, John L. Silva, Veronica Montes, Cecilia Brainard, Lilia V. Villanueva, Mar V. Puatu, Vince Gotera, Oscar PeƱaranda, Luis Cabalquinto, F. Delor Angeles, Melissa R. Aranzamendez, Eulalio Yerro Ibarra, Nadine Sarreal, Jay Ruben Dayrit, Ligaya Victoria Fruto, Edgar Poma, Marianne Villanueva, Linda Ty-Casper, Paulino Lim, Jr., Greg Sarris, Less Respecio Colomby, N.V.M. Gonzalez, and Alma Jill Dizon.

Harold Augenbraum praised the book for MANOA, saying:

By pulling these personal, fictional quests together, the reader indeed comes away with a varied portrait of Filipinos in America, not the expression of dark causality present in the earlier generations of writers, such as Bulosan and Santos—those fantastic conjurors of Filipino American literature—but of people cautiously settling into what they hope will be a comfortable position … So many of these stories convey loneliness, disconnectedness, and an inability to form lasting attachments … This collection abounds with such tension … Brainard has done a fine job of bringing many little-known writers – and the edginess of Filipinos in America – to the fore. ”

For more information, please contact palh@aol.com or palhbooks@gmail.com.

Tags: Philippines books, Philippine literature, Philippine short stories, Philippine American literature

Thursday, January 21, 2021

Philippine American Literary House books Kindle Promos

 


Promo for the following PALH (Philippine American Literary House) titles:  

Awaiting Trespass by Linda Ty Casper -  https://www.amazon.com/dp/B00AHJN72W

A River, One Woman Deep: Stories by Linda Ty-Casper - https://www.amazon.com/dp/B06XRVZBZ6

Wings of Stone by Linda Ty-Casper - https://www.amazon.com/dp/B00CA8IHQO

Please, San Antonio! & Melisande in Paris, two novellas by Eve La Salle Caram and Cecilia Brainard - https://www.amazon.com/dp/B08GL7D81T

The Newspaper Widow, novel by Cecilia Brainard - https://www.amazon.com/dp/B0785MMKB4

Contemporary Fiction by Filipinos in America, ed Cecilia Brainard - https://www.amazon.com/dp/1953716091

Fiction by Filipinos in America, ed Cecilia Brainard - https://www.amazon.com/dp/B08KYY1FVP


tags: Philippines books fiction stories Filipino Filipino American literature

Sunday, January 17, 2021

Pastel Art by Cecilia - San Miguel Allende

 


I'm keeping focused on creative things while waiting for the Inauguration. Both are pastels of a plant in my yard and sunset in San Miguel Allende.  


tags: #pastelart #pasteldrawing #sanmiguelallende #inauguration

Thursday, December 31, 2020

Happy New Year from Cecilia Brainard

 



HAPPY NEW YEAR EVERYONE!  2021 CAN ONLY BE BRIGHTER!


From, Cecilia Manguerra Brainard


tags: New Year, New Year 2021, #HappyNewYear 

 

 



Tuesday, December 29, 2020

Paulino Lim Jr.'s Review of THE NEWSPAPER WIDOW, novel by Cecilia Brainard

 

 

Book Review of THE NEWSPAPER WIDOW, novel by Cecilia Manguerra Brainard

University of San Tomas Publishing House, 2017, softcover, 238 pages, ISBN 9780715068116

"The Fictional Technique of Cecilia Brainard's The Newspaper Widow"

By Paulino Lim, Jr. 

The author states that her original intention was to write a mystery about a priest found dead in a creek, but the character portrayal overshadowed the plot, elevating the novel above a page-turning whodunit. Still, the  murder hooks the reader, and is rewarded with a satisfying conclusion.

Thursday, December 24, 2020

Merry Christmas and a Brighter New Year to All

 


I'm wishing everyone a merry Christmas and a brighter New Year! Be safe, don't gather with others this holiday seas, so we can gather next year.  Here are some Christmas pictures:  

  

Thursday, December 17, 2020

FILIPINO FIL-AM BOOKS FOR CHRISTMAS GIFTS

 

Be Safe this Christmas

 





Please don't gather this Christmas and New Year.  Next year, we can do that.  Stay home, keep safe.  The vaccine is at hand now. Just be patients.

Happy holidays,

From, Cecilia Brainard

 

tags: #Christmas #holidays #covid19 #keepsafe



Wednesday, December 16, 2020

Cecilia Brainard's FUNDAMENTALS OF CREATIVE WRITING, Free for Educational Purposes

 




Reminder to teachers, students, others:
For educational purposes, Cecilia Brainard decided to make her book, Fundamentals of Creative Writing available for free in Wattpad.

https://www.wattpad.com/943227652-fundamentals-of-creative-writing-by-cecilia

“Cecilia Manguerra Brainard’s Fundamentals of Creative Writing is a marvelous textbook that combines useful technical advice on craft with beautiful practical examples in her own stories. Brainard’s treatments of writerly voice and left brain/right brain theory as it connects to writing are among the best available in today’s writing textbooks. Her story examples cover a variety of story types, techniques, points of view, and historical as well as contemporary topics and themes. This book will indeed help writing students write strong stories and improve their craft. Brava, Ms. Brainard.” (Vince Gotera, Writer, Editor of North American Review, Professor of Creative Writing, University Northern Iowa)

Tags: writing, how to write, creative writing, creative nonfiction, writing workshop, writing teachers, writing students, how-to-write, personal essays

Saturday, December 12, 2020

Covers of When the Rainbow Goddess Wept by Cecilia Manguerra Brainard

 


This cover study of When the Rainbow Goddess Wept, first novel of Cecilia Manguerra Brainard was not used.  Here's the cover that Dutton/Penguin used. Both were designed by the famous Philippine artist, Pacita Abad.  


And here are the covers used in the editions by the University of Michigan Press and the University of Santo Tomas Publishing House respectively.



tags: Philippines books, Philippines fiction; Philippine novel, Philippine literature